Treating the hypertensive patient in a nurse-led hypertension clinic

Blood Press. 2010 Jun;19(3):182-7. doi: 10.3109/08037051003606405.


Aims: This manuscript presents results from 4 years experience in a nurse-led hypertension clinic. The aim of the hypertension clinic was to optimize hypertension treatment and to reduce the number of physician consultations.

Materials and methods: All patients were initially examined by cardiologists. All follow-up visits were performed by nurses. They initiated and titrated antihypertensive medication according to a stepwise treatment algorithm or the physicians' instructions. The blood pressure (BP) measurement technique and the recording of risk profile were performed as instructed by guidelines from the European Hypertension Society.

Results: During the first 4 years, 186 patients were treated in the hypertension clinic. One hundred and thirty patients were treated by the nurses alone and hereafter discharged to general practitioners; 95% of these patients reached target BP. Most of the patients received combination therapy with two to seven different antihypertensive drugs. The three primary antihypertensive drugs (calcium-channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers and diuretics) were the first drugs to be used and they made up the main part of the combination therapy.

Conclusion: In spite of many risk factors, co-existing cardiovascular diseases and severe hypertension, 95% of the patients achieved target BP when treated in a nurse-led hypertension clinic. We suggest that the data serves as an inspiration for other clinics and GPs to implement the concept.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Ambulatory Care Facilities / organization & administration*
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antihypertensive Agents / pharmacology
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology
  • Calcium Channel Blockers / therapeutic use
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / drug therapy
  • Diuretics / pharmacology
  • Diuretics / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Guidelines as Topic
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / nursing*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nurses
  • Patient Discharge
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Risk Factors


  • Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Diuretics