Smoking outcome expectancies: A multiple indicator and multiple cause (MIMIC) model

Addict Behav. 2010 Jun;35(6):632-5. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2010.01.012. Epub 2010 Feb 4.


The present study was carried out to assess the construct validity of the short form of the Smoking Consequences Questionnaire, a brief measure of smoking outcome expectancies on a large sample of adolescents (N = 953). The results of this study support a four-factor structure of smoking outcome expectancies, including expectancies of negative consequences, positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement and appetite-weight control, as well as the assertion that gender, smoking status and sensation-seeking have a distinct pattern of associations with the four outcome expectancy factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Appetite
  • Body Weight
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hungary
  • Male
  • Reinforcement, Psychology
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensation
  • Smoking / adverse effects
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*
  • Young Adult