Background: European studies on quality of diabetes care in an unselected primary care diabetes population are scarce.
Research question: To test the feasibility of the set-up and logistics of a cross-sectional EUropean study on Care and Complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in Primary Care (EUCCLID) in 12 European countries.
Method: One rural and one urban practice from each country participated. The central coordinating centre randomly selected five patients from each practice. Patient characteristics were assessed including medical history, anthropometric measures, quality indicators, UKPDS-risk engine, psychological and general well-being.
Results: We included 103 participants from 22 GPs in 11 countries. Central data and laboratory samples were successfully collected. Of the participants 54% were female, mean age was 66 years and mean duration of diabetes was 9.6 years. Besides, 18% were using insulin, 31% had a history of cardiovascular disease, mean HbA1c was 7.1% (range 6.6-8.0), mean systolic blood pressure was 133.7 mmHg (range 126.1-144.4) and mean total cholesterol was 4.9 mmol/l (range 4.0-6.2).
Conclusion: A European study on care and complications in a random selection of people with T2DM is feasible. There are large differences in indicators of metabolic control and wellbeing between countries.
(c) 2010 Primary Care Diabetes Europe. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.