Peloruside A inhibits microtubule dynamics in a breast cancer cell line MCF7

Invest New Drugs. 2011 Aug;29(4):615-26. doi: 10.1007/s10637-010-9398-2. Epub 2010 Feb 20.


Peloruside A (PelA), a novel microtubule-stabilizing agent and potential anti-cancer drug, isolated from the marine sponge Mycale hentscheli, binds to a distinct, non-taxoid binding site on tubulin. Using live-cell confocal microscopy, the effects of PelA on microtubule dynamics were quantified in a human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF7) stably expressing GFP-α-tubulin. Changes in microtubule length were tracked over time in cells treated with PelA concentrations ranging from 3.8-100 nM. As with other microtubule-targeting drugs like paclitaxel and epothilone B, microtubule dynamics were suppressed in a concentration-dependent manner. At the PelA IC₅₀ concentrations for cell proliferation (3.8 nM) and G₂/M block (25 nM), PelA inhibited dynamicity by 23% and 45%, respectively. At 25 nM PelA, effects included a 24% and 41% reduction in average growth rate and growth length, respectively. Additionally, the total time spent in pause increased by 53% and coincided with a 36% reduction in the average amount of time spent growing. Rescue and catastrophe frequencies were not significantly affected by PelA, except for length-based catastrophe (67% increase). The results provide further insight into PelA's unique mode of stabilization and contribute to our understanding of how microtubule-targeting agents exert their anti-mitotic effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / chemistry
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Epothilones / pharmacology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lactones / chemistry
  • Lactones / pharmacology*
  • Microtubules / drug effects*
  • Microtubules / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
  • Epothilones
  • Lactones
  • peloruside A
  • epothilone B