Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2010 Mar;24(1):7-25. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2009.10.003.


Psittacosis is a systemic zoonotic infection with protean clinical features. The major risk factor is exposure to birds; bird owners, veterinarians, those involved with breeding and selling birds, and commercial poultry processors are most at risk. Patients typically present with 1 week of fevers, headache, myalgias, and a nonproductive cough. Although pneumonia is the most common manifestation, all organ systems can be involved. Serology remains the mainstay of diagnosis; however, polymerase chain reaction techniques offer a rapid and specific alternative. Doxycycline is the treatment of choice.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Birds
  • Doxycycline / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Psittacosis / diagnosis*
  • Psittacosis / pathology
  • Psittacosis / therapy*
  • Psittacosis / transmission
  • Serologic Tests
  • Zoonoses / transmission*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Doxycycline