Medical pleuroscopy (MP) offers a safe and minimally invasive tool for interventional pulmonologists. It allows diagnosis of unexplained effusion, while at the same time allowing drainage and pleurodesis. It can also help in the diagnosis of diffuse interstitial disease or associated peripheral lung abnormality in the presence of effusion. It can have a therapeutic role in pneumothorax and hyperhidrosis or chronic pancreatic pain. This article reviews the technical aspects and range of applications of MP.
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