Purpose: KW-0761, a defucosylated humanized anti-CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) antibody, exerts a strong antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxic effect. This phase I study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, recommended phase II dose and efficacy of KW-0761 in patients with relapsed CCR4-positive adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) or peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).
Patients and methods: Sixteen patients received KW-0761 once a week for 4 weeks by intravenous infusion. Doses were escalated, starting at 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, and finally 1.0 mg/kg by a 3 + 3 design.
Results: Fifteen patients completed the protocol treatment. Only one patient, at the 1.0 mg/kg dose, developed grade 3 dose-limiting toxicities, skin rash, and febrile neutropenia, and grade 4 neutropenia. Other treatment-related grade 3 to 4 toxicities were lymphopenia (n = 10), neutropenia (n = 3), leukopenia (n = 2), herpes zoster (n = 1), and acute infusion reaction/cytokine release syndrome (n = 1). Neither the frequency nor severity of toxicities increased with dose escalation. The maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Therefore, the recommended phase II dose was determined to be 1.0 mg/kg. No patients had detectable levels of anti-KW-0761 antibody. The plasma maximum and trough, and the area under the curve of 0 to 7 days of KW-0761, tended to increase dose and frequency dependently. Five patients (31%; 95% CI, 11% to 59%) achieved objective responses: two complete (0.1; 1.0 mg/kg) and three partial (0.01; 2 at 1.0 mg/kg) responses.
Conclusion: KW-0761 was tolerated at all the dose levels tested, demonstrating potential efficacy against relapsed CCR4-positive ATL or PTCL. Subsequent phase II studies at the 1.0 mg/kg dose are thus warranted.