Differences by sex and handedness in right and left femur bone mineral densities

Percept Mot Skills. 2009 Dec;109(3):824-30. doi: 10.2466/pms.109.3.824-830.


Left-handedness was reported to be a risk factor for accident-related injuries, head injuries, traumatic brain injuries, sport-related injuries, and bone breaks and fractures. As decreased bone mineral density is a good marker of bone fractures, the femoral bone mineral densities of normal left-handed university students were compared with those of right-handed students. Hand preference of 66 men and 47 women was assessed using the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory. Measures of bone mineral density with a Hologic QDR-4500W (S/N 48403) densitometer showed bone mineral densities of both right and left proximal femur regions were higher in right-handed than in left-handed students. These results are consistent with the claim that left-handed participants had higher trauma and injury risk. Also, these results may explain the sex-related differences by handedness for susceptibility in accident-related injuries such as bone fractures.

MeSH terms

  • Accident Proneness
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bone Density / physiology*
  • Female
  • Femur / physiopathology*
  • Functional Laterality / physiology*
  • Hip Fractures / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Characteristics*
  • Young Adult