A differential cell capture assay for evaluating antibody interactions with cell surface targets

Anal Biochem. 2010 Jun 15;401(2):173-81. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2010.02.015. Epub 2010 Feb 21.


Many biological and biomedical laboratory assays require the use of antibodies and antibody fragments that strongly bind to their cell surface targets. Conventional binding assays, such as the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and flow cytometry, have many challenges, including capital equipment requirements, labor intensiveness, and large reagent and sample consumption. Although these techniques are successful in mainstream biology, there is an unmet need for a tool to quickly ascertain the relative binding capabilities of antibodies/antibody fragments to cell surface targets on the benchtop at low cost. We describe a novel cell capture assay that enables several candidate antibodies to be evaluated quickly as to their relative binding efficacies to their cell surface targets. We used chimeric rituximab and murine anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies as cell capture agents on a functionalized microscope slide surface to assess their relative binding affinities based on how well they capture CD20-expressing mammalian cells. We found that these antibodies' concentration-dependent cell capture profiles correlate with their relative binding affinities. A key observation of this assay involved understanding how differences in capture surfaces affect the assay results. This approach can find utility when an antibody or antibody fragment against a known cell line needs to be selected for targeting studies.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / chemistry
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Antibody Affinity*
  • Antigens, CD20 / genetics
  • Antigens, CD20 / immunology*
  • Biotinylation
  • Cell Line
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Jurkat Cells
  • Lymphocytes / cytology
  • Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence / methods*
  • Rituximab


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived
  • Antigens, CD20
  • Rituximab