An optimized procedure for metabonomic analysis of rat liver tissue using gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry

J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2010 Aug 1;52(4):589-96. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2010.01.046. Epub 2010 Feb 4.


In this paper, we present a tissue metabonomic method with an optimized extraction procedure followed by instrumental analysis with gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC/TOFMS) and spectral data analysis with multivariate statistics. Metabolite extractions were carried out using three solvents: chloroform, methanol, and water, with design of experiment (DOE) theory and multivariate statistical analysis. A two-step metabolite extraction procedure was optimized using a mixed solvent of chloroform-methanol-water (1:2:1, v/v/v) and then followed by methanol alone. This approach was subsequently validated using standard compounds and liver tissues. Calibration curves were obtained in the range of 0.50-125.0mug/mL for standards and 0.02-0.25g/mL acceptable for liver tissue samples. For most of the metabolites investigated, relative standard deviations (RSD) were below 10% within a day (reproducibility) and below 15% within a week (stability). Rat liver tissues of carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury models (n=10) and healthy control rats (n=10) were analyzed which demonstrated the applicability of the developed procedure for the tissue metabonomic study.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry* / methods
  • Liver / chemistry*
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Metabolomics* / methods
  • Random Allocation
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley