[Temporary total fecal diversion--ultimate solution for complex recurrent anal fistula]

Chirurgia (Bucur). Nov-Dec 2009;104(6):757-60.
[Article in Romanian]

Abstract

Anal fistula is a frequent disease, but complex fistulae are relatively uncommon. The treatment for this pathology remains debated all over the world, and in cases of complex fistulae represents a challenge. We present a 55 years old male, operated more than 40 times in the last 15 years for perianal recurrent fistulas and abscesses. The fistula has had a progressive evolution despite all kind of surgery and has extended finally to entire perineal and gluteal region; more than 30 orifices were founded on skin surface and many internal anorectal orifices as well. The patient is weakened, anemic, in chronic sepsis. As a last resort, we decided to perform a terminal fecal diverting stoma at the level of sigmoid colon, with closure of distal end. There were subsequent operations necessary to resolve perineal and gluteal disease: extensive excisions of altered tissues, various full-thickness skin grafts and covering flaps. After 12 months the perineal region was clean, so remaking of colic continuity was possible. Continuous follow-up until 12 months revealed no sign of recurrence. We conclude that temporary total fecal diversion followed by wide excisions of perianal fistulous tissues represents an ultimate solution to complex recurrent perianal fistula, with good results at least in our case.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Anal Canal / surgery
  • Buttocks / surgery
  • Colon, Sigmoid / surgery*
  • Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods
  • Enterostomy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perineum / surgery
  • Rectal Fistula / pathology
  • Rectal Fistula / surgery*
  • Recurrence
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Surgical Flaps*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Wound Healing