The fouling of fish farm cage nets as bioindicator of aquaculture pollution in the Adriatic Sea (Croatia)

Environ Monit Assess. 2011 Feb;173(1-4):519-32. doi: 10.1007/s10661-010-1402-y. Epub 2010 Mar 2.


A fouling assemblage (including density, species richness and diversity, and biomass) growing on netting of fish farm cages was investigated in Stracinska Bay--Location 1 and Peles Bay--Location 2 (Croatia) in order to test the efficiency of fouling as a bioindicator of organic pollution. A total number of 40 algal taxa in Location 1 and total number of 22 algal taxa in Location 2 were identified, with a dominance of opportunistic species (ESG II). We found domination of algal species over animal species and absolute dominance of Rhodophyta which are typical fouler in the Adriatic Sea. Low diversity and species richness with increase in value of the R/P index (occasionally higher than 6) were recorded in Location 2, indicating a certain impact of nutrient enrichment from fish culture facilities on a fouling community structure.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biofouling*
  • Biomass
  • Croatia
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Fisheries*
  • Fishes
  • Seawater / analysis*
  • Water Pollutants / analysis*


  • Water Pollutants