Incidence of lobar and non-lobar spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage in a predominantly Hispanic-Mestizo population--the PISCIS stroke project: a community-based prospective study in Iquique, Chile

Neuroepidemiology. 2010;34(4):214-21. doi: 10.1159/000289353. Epub 2010 Mar 3.


Background: The incidence of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in Hispanics is high, especially of non-lobar ICH. Our aim was to ascertain prospectively the incidence of first-ever spontaneous ICH (SICH) stratified by localisation in a Hispanic-Mestizo population of the north of Chile.

Methods: Between July 2000 and June 2002 all possible cases of ICH were ascertained from multiple overlapping sources. The cases were allocated according to localisation. Those with vascular malformations or non-identifiable localisations were excluded.

Results: We identified a total of 69 cases of first-ever ICH. Of these, 64 (92.7%) had SICH, of which we allocated 58 cases (84%) to non-lobar or lobar localisation. The mean age was 57.3 +/- 17 years, and 62.3% of the subjects were male. The age-adjusted incidence rates were 13.8 (non-lobar) and 4.9 (lobar) per 100,000 person-years. Non-lobar SICH was more frequent in young males and lobar SICH in older women. The non-lobar-to-lobar ratio was similar to previous findings in Hispanics. Hypertension was more frequent in non-lobar SICH and in diabetes, heavy drinking and antithrombotic use in lobar SICH, but in none significantly. There was no association between localisation and prognosis.

Conclusions: The incidence of non-lobar SICH was high, but lower than in most non-white populations. This lower incidence could be due to a lower population prevalence of risk factors, a higher socioeconomic level in this population, or chance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / classification
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / epidemiology*
  • Chile / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors