Interferon (IFN)-γ is known to downregulate expression of drug detoxifying proteins such as cytochromes P-450 (CYPs) in human hepatocytes. The present study was designed to determine whether IFN-γ may also impair expression of influx and efflux drug transporters, which constitute important determinants of the liver detoxification pathway. Exposure of primary human hepatocytes to 10 ng/mL IFN-γ was found to downregulate mRNA levels of sinusoidal influx transporters such as sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide, organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 2B1, OATP1B1, and OATP1B3. IFN-γ concomitantly reduced mRNA expression of drug efflux pumps such as multidrug resistance gene 1, multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 2, MRP3, breast cancer resistance protein and bile salt export pump. Such IFN-γ-mediated repression of major hepatic drug transporters may contribute to impaired liver clearance of drugs administrated to patients suffering from inflammation or viral infections associated with increased secretion of IFN-γ.
© 2010 The Authors Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology © 2010 Société Française de Pharmacologie et de Thérapeutique.