Class I PI3K-dependent signaling regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Analysis of gene-deficient mice revealed specific roles for the hematopoietically expressed PI3K catalytic subunits, p110gamma and p110delta, in development and function of T and B lymphocytes. However, the functional redundancy between these two PI3K isoforms in the B cell lineage remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that p110delta and p110gamma are expressed in B cells at early developmental stages. Normal B cell differentiation requires both isoforms, as p110gamma/p110delta double deficiency causes an increased percentage of CD43(hi)/B220(+)/CD19(-) cells as compared with single deficiency. Interestingly, initial transformation efficiency of B cell precursors was strongly reduced in double-deficient cells following transformation by p185 bcr-abl or v-abl oncogenes as compared with single-deficient cells. The requirement of p110gamma and p110delta in B cell development is underlined by reduced splenic B cell numbers of p110gamma/p110delta double-deficient mice and of lethally irradiated wild-type mice reconstituted with double-deficient BM. Moreover, the peripheral maintenance of p110gamma/p110delta double-deficient T and B cells was highly impaired following adoptive transfer of double-deficient splenocytes into wild-type mice. Functionally, LPS stimulation of splenocytes revealed proliferation defects resulting in decreased survival of p110gamma/p110delta double-deficient B cells, which correlated with impaired induction of D-type cyclins and Bcl-X(L). Surprisingly, this was not observed when purified B cells were analyzed, indicating a contribution of likely cell-extrinsic factor(s) to the impaired proliferation of double-deficient B cells. Thus, we provide novel evidence that p110gamma and p110delta have overlapping and cell-extrinsic roles in the development, peripheral maintenance, and function of B cells.