Vessels in femoral triangle in a rare relationship

Singapore Med J. 2010 Jan;51(1):e3-5.


The femoral region of the thigh is utilised for various clinical procedures, both open and closed, particularly in respect to arterial and venous cannulations. A rare vascular pattern was observed during the dissection of the femoral region on both sides of the intact formaldehyde-preserved cadaver of a 42-year-old Indian man from West Bengal. The relationships and patterns found were contrary to the belief that the femoral vein is always medial to the artery, just below the inguinal ligament and the common femoral artery. The femoral artery crossed the vein just deep to the inguinal ligament so that the femoral vein was lying deep to the artery at the base of the femoral triangle. Just deep to the inguinal ligament, the profunda femoris artery (deep femoral artery) arose from the femoral artery, and the long saphenous vein drained into the femoral vein. The embryological and clinical correlations are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cadaver
  • Femoral Artery / abnormalities*
  • Femoral Vein / abnormalities*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Saphenous Vein / abnormalities*
  • Thigh / blood supply*