[Analysis of subjective symptoms of upper extremities in dental technicians]

Sangyo Igaku. 1991 Jan;33(1):17-22. doi: 10.1539/joh1959.33.17.
[Article in Japanese]


Our review of the literature showed no report on the subjective symptoms of the upper extremities in dental technicians. This study was therefore undertaken on 164 dental technicians in Gifu Prefecture to investigate the relationship between the subjective symptoms of the hands, arms and shoulders and work of dental technicians. The following results were obtained. 1) The prevalence of Raynaud's phenomenon and numbness of the fingers was 5.5 and 18.5 %, respectively. A significant positive correlation was observed between the prevalence and frequency of numbness and cold sensation in the fingers and the daily usage time (h) of high-speed type machines. In addition, pain in the fingers and around the wrists, and pain and numbness in the arms were significantly related to the daily usage time (h) of low-speed type machines. These results suggest that the usage of high- and low-speed type machines may be a cause of vibration syndrome among dental technicians. 2) A high prevalence of pain in the shoulders (30.8%), neck (30.1%), and back (36.3%) was observed in dental technicians. It is considered that these symptoms are related to the working posture and usage of machines.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arm
  • Dental Technicians*
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Pain / epidemiology
  • Pain / etiology*
  • Raynaud Disease / epidemiology
  • Raynaud Disease / etiology*
  • Shoulder
  • Vibration / adverse effects