Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of olmesartan on progression of coronary atherosclerosis.
Background: Prior intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) trial results suggest slowing of coronary atheroma progression with some medicines but have not shown convincing evidence of regression with angiotension-II receptor blocking agents.
Methods: A prospective, randomized, multicenter trial-OLIVUS (Impact of OLmesartan on progression of coronary atherosclerosis: evaluation by IntraVascular UltraSound)-was performed in 247 stable angina pectoris patients with native coronary artery disease. When these patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for culprit lesions, IVUS was performed in their nonculprit vessels (without angiographically documented coronary stenosis [<50%]). Patients were randomly assigned to receive 10 to 40 mg of olmesartan or control and treated with a combination of beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, nitrates, glycemic control agents, and/or statins per physician's guidance. Serial IVUS examinations (baseline and 14-month follow-up) were performed to assess coronary atheroma volume. Volumetric IVUS analyses included lumen, plaque, vessel volume, percent atheroma volume (PAV), percent change in total atheroma volume (TAV) and PAV.
Results: Patient characteristics and blood pressure control were identical between the 2 groups. However, follow-up IVUS showed significantly decreased TAV and percent change in PAV in the olmesartan group (5.4% vs. 0.6 % for TAV and 3.1% vs. -0.7% for percent change in PAV, control vs. olmesartan, p < 0.05 for all).
Conclusions: These observations suggest a positive role in a potentially lower rate of coronary atheroma progression through the administration of olmesartan, an angiotension-II receptor blocking agent, for patients with stable angina pectoris.
Copyright (c) 2010 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.