Colonic complications of obesity

Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2010 Mar;39(1):47-55. doi: 10.1016/j.gtc.2009.12.005.

Abstract

Obesity is a risk factor for colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. The increased prevalence of neoplasia coupled with the observation that obesity may be associated with a suboptimal bowel preparation may diminish the adequate detection of adenomas for obese who undergo colonoscopy. The colonic complications of obesity are reviewed in this article.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoma / epidemiology
  • Animals
  • Body Mass Index
  • Colonic Diseases / epidemiology
  • Colonic Diseases / etiology*
  • Colonoscopy
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Comorbidity
  • Diverticulitis, Colonic / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance / physiology
  • Intra-Abdominal Fat / physiopathology
  • Leptin / physiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / physiopathology
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / physiopathology

Substances

  • Leptin