[Caregiver burden with dementia patients. A validation study of the German language version of the Zarit Burden Interview]

Z Gerontol Geriatr. 2010 Apr;43(2):111-9. doi: 10.1007/s00391-010-0097-6. Epub 2010 Mar 5.
[Article in German]


Despite the large number of studies dealing with dementia caregivers in Europe, a valid German version of the most widely used measurement of caregiver burden, the Zarit Burden Interview, has not been published. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the German Zarit Burden Interview (G-ZBI). A sample of community-dwelling older couples (n=37) with the husband suffering from dementia and the wife being the primary caregiver participated in this study. The G-ZBI and related constructs were assessed in order to test for reliability and construct validity. The G-ZBI revealed psychometric properties comparable with those of the original instrument and empirically validated translations. Results indicate high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.91) and good validity due to strong correlations with caregiver life satisfaction and depression, as well as patients' dependency, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and dementia severity. The psychometric qualities of the G-ZBI indicate that it is both a reliable and valid instrument to assess caregiver burden and to detect highly stressed individuals.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Alzheimer Disease / nursing*
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Female
  • Germany
  • Home Nursing / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Spouses / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Switzerland
  • Translating