The relationship between job-anxiety and trait-anxiety--a differential diagnostic investigation with the Job-Anxiety-Scale and the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory

J Anxiety Disord. 2010 Apr;24(3):366-71. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.02.001. Epub 2010 Feb 11.


Job-related anxiety, in contrast to general trait-anxiety, is by its very nature associated with problems of participation at work. The aim of this study is to investigate the relation between general trait-anxiety and specific job-related anxiety and to examine whether job-anxiety and trait-anxiety are differently associated with sick leave. 190 inpatients of a psychosomatic and orthopaedic rehabilitation center with mental and somatic disorders filled in the Job-Anxiety-Scale (JAS) and the State-Trait-Anxiety-Inventory (STAI-T). Additionally, informations on age, gender, the current duration of sick leave in weeks, employment status, duration of unemployment, and position at the workplace were collected. Highest scores of job-anxiety were found for the JAS-dimensions "job-related worries" and "health anxieties", followed by "cognitions of insufficiency," "stimulus-related anxieties," and "social anxieties." JAS and STAI-T were significantly correlated. Job-anxiety, in contrast to trait-anxiety, was significantly related to duration of sick leave. Women showed higher scores on the STAI-T but not on the JAS. It can be concluded that job-anxiety is related to but not identical with trait-anxiety. Job-anxiety is important to understand sick leave and appears as a multidimensional and clinically important phenomenon.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Anxiety Disorders / psychology
  • Attitude to Health
  • Back Pain / psychology
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology
  • Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data*
  • Phobic Disorders / diagnosis
  • Phobic Disorders / psychology
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / diagnosis
  • Psychophysiologic Disorders / psychology
  • Reference Values
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Sex Factors
  • Sick Leave
  • Unemployment / psychology