Background: In HNF1A maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), sulfonylurea (SU) is the first-line treatment. Over time, such therapy fails, and additional treatment is required. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors are new agents that lower blood glucose by prolonging the activity of circulating incretins.
Methods: We applied DPP-IV inhibitors in two HNF1A MODY patients whose earlier therapeutic regimen included SU.
Results: Case 1, a 39-year-old woman, a carrier of the ArgR171X HNF1A mutation, with a 7-year history of diabetes was on 160 mg of gliclazide and 2,000 mg of metformin. Her initial hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level was 7.2%, while the mean glucose level on the CGMS((R)) (Medtronic, Northridge, CA) record was 162 mg/dL. Sitagliptine, in a dose of 100 mg/day, was added to the previous treatment. Case 2, a 62-year-old woman, a carrier of the IVS7nt-6G>A mutation, with a 41-year history of diabetes was treated with 240 mg/day gliclazide and 6 IU of insulin/day. Her initial HbA1c was 8.8%, and average glycemia reached 172 mg/dL. In her case, we started the combined therapy with 50 mg of vildagliptine twice daily. Patients were reexamined after 3 months, and HbA1c fell to 6.3% in both subjects. Similarly, significant improvement in glycemic control on CGMS was observed as the average glycemia decreased to 114 mg/dL and 134 mg/dL in Case 1 and Case 2, respectively. No episodes of hypoglycemia or other side effects were recorded. As intravenous glucose tolerance tests (IVGTTs) were performed before and after DPP-IV implementation, we were able to assess their impact on insulin secretion under fasting conditions. We saw a substantial rise in insulin level increment during IVGTT (by 9.8 and13.4 mIU/L in Case 1 and Case 2, respectively).
Conclusions: DPP-IV inhibitors may be an effective tool of combined therapy in HNF1A MODY, and they seem to improve beta-cell function under fasting conditions.