Water recreation-related spinal injuries: risk factors in natural bodies of water

Accid Anal Prev. 1991 Feb;23(1):13-7. doi: 10.1016/0001-4575(91)90030-9.


Spinal cord injuries are a major public health problem, and costs to society may total $6.2 billion per year. Using a case-control design, we investigated risk factors for spinal injury in male Wisconsin residents who sustained their injuries during water recreational activity. Compared with the controls, the people who sustained spinal injury were more likely to have entered the water from a pier or dock; to have dived into water; and to have used alcohol. Injury prevention programs for water recreation enthusiasts should address the topics of the hazards of combining alcohol with these activities, how to enter natural bodies of water safely, and safe water levels for diving.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diving
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / epidemiology
  • Spinal Cord Injuries / etiology*
  • Swimming*
  • Wisconsin / epidemiology