Myosin diversity in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum

Cytoskeleton (Hoboken). 2010 Mar;67(3):142-51. doi: 10.1002/cm.20431.


This report describes the domain architecture of ten myosins cloned from the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Several of the P. tricornutum myosins show similarity to myosins from the centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana as well as to one myosin from the oomycete Phytophthora ramorum. The P. tricornutum myosins, ranging in size from 126 kDa to over 250 kDa, all possess the canonical head, neck and tail domains common to most myosins, though variations in each of these domains is evident. Among the features distinguishing several of the diatom myosin head domains are N-terminal SH3-like domains, variations in or near the P-loop and Loop 1 regions close to the nucleotide binding pocket, and extended converter domains. Variations in the length of the neck domain or lever arm, defined by the light chain-binding IQ motifs, are apparent with the different diatom myosins predicted to contain from one to nine IQ motifs. Protein domains found within the P. tricornutum myosin tails include regions of coiled-coil structure, ankyrin repeats, CBS domain pairs, a PB1 domain, a kinase domain and a FYVE-finger motif. As many of these features have never before been characterized in myosins of any type, it is likely that these new diatom myosins will expand the repertoire of known myosin behaviors.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs / genetics
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Consensus Sequence
  • Diatoms / genetics*
  • Diatoms / metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Myosins / genetics*
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary / genetics
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Myosins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/GQ141540
  • GENBANK/GQ141541
  • GENBANK/GQ141542
  • GENBANK/GQ141543
  • GENBANK/GQ141544
  • GENBANK/GQ141545
  • GENBANK/GQ141546
  • GENBANK/GQ141547
  • GENBANK/GQ141548
  • GENBANK/GQ141549