Inducible and constitutive promoters for genetic systems in Sulfolobus acidocaldarius

Extremophiles. 2010 May;14(3):249-59. doi: 10.1007/s00792-010-0304-9. Epub 2010 Mar 12.


Central to genetic work in any organism are the availability of a range of inducible and constitutive promoters. In this work we studied several promoters for use in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius. The promoters were tested with the aid of an E. coli-Sulfolobus shuttle vector in reporter gene experiments. As the most suitable inducible promoter a maltose inducible promoter was identified. It comprises 266 bp of the sequence upstream of the gene coding for the maltose/maltotriose binding protein (mbp, Saci_1165). Induction is feasible with either maltose or dextrin at concentrations of 0.2-0.4%. The highest increase in expression (up to 17-fold) was observed in late exponential and stationary phase around 30-50 h after addition of dextrin. Whereas in the presence of glucose and xylose higher basal activity and reduced inducibility with maltose is observed, sucrose can be used in the growth medium additionally without affecting the basal activity or the inducibility. The minimal promoter region necessary could be narrowed down to 169 bp of the upstream sequence. The ABCE1 protein from S. solfataricus was successfully expressed under control of the inducible promoter with the shuttle vector pC and purified from the S. acidocaldarius culture with a yield of about 1 mg L(-1) culture. In addition we also determined the promoter strength of several constitutive promoters.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Carbohydrates / chemistry
  • Dextrins / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Glucose / genetics
  • Maltose / genetics
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Sulfolobus acidocaldarius / genetics*
  • Xylose / genetics


  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Carbohydrates
  • Dextrins
  • Maltose
  • Xylose
  • Glucose