Electrocardiographic manifestations of cardiac infectious-inflammatory disorders

Am J Emerg Med. 2010 Mar;28(3):364-77. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2008.12.017.


Inflammatory disorders of the heart, although uncommon in the general population, often present initially to the emergency department. Symptoms and clinical manifestations are shared with other more common cardiopulmonary diseases, particularly acute coronary syndrome and congestive heart failure, making prompt diagnosis challenging. This review will highlight some of the clinical and electrocardiographic features that will help early diagnosis and differentiation of inflammatory cardiac disorders from other more common conditions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Electrocardiography*
  • Endocarditis / diagnosis*
  • Endocarditis / physiopathology
  • Endocarditis / therapy
  • Humans
  • Myocarditis / diagnosis*
  • Myocarditis / physiopathology
  • Myocarditis / therapy
  • Pericarditis / diagnosis*
  • Pericarditis / physiopathology
  • Pericarditis / therapy