Objective: The aim of this study was to find out on an unselected patient group whether crossing vessels have an influence on the width of the renal pelvis and what independent predictors of these target variables exist.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1072 patients with arterially contrasted CT scans were included. The 2132 kidneys were supplied by 2736 arteries.
Results: On the right side, there were 293 additional and accessory arteries in 286 patients, and on the left side there were 304 in 271 patients. 154 renal pelves were more than 15 mm wide. The greatest independent factor for hydronephrosis on one side was hydronephrosis on the contralateral side (p<0.0001 each). Independent predictors for the width of the renal pelvis on the right side were the width of the renal pelvis on the left, female gender, increasing age and height; for the left side, predictors were the width of the renal pelvis on the right, concrements, parapelvic cysts and great rotation of the upper pole of the kidney to dorsal. Crossing vessels had no influence on the development of hydronephrosis. Only anterior crossing vessels on the right side are associated with widening of the renal pelvis by 1 mm, without making it possible to identify the vessel as an independent factor in multivariate regression models.
Conclusion: The width of the renal pelvis on the contralateral side is the strongest independent predictor for hydronephrosis and the width of the renal pelvis. There is no link between crossing vessels and the width of the renal pelvis.