Sugar-sweetened beverages and chronic disease

Kidney Int. 2010 Apr;77(7):569-70. doi: 10.1038/ki.2009.543.


Sugar-sweetened beverages, a major source of fructose, raise serum uric acid levels and are associated with an increased risk of gout, hypertension, and diabetes. However, it is unclear whether the associations with hypertension and diabetes are caused by fructose per se, or through some other mechanism. Nevertheless, given their demonstrated adverse health associations and the lack of any health benefit, the evidence favors minimization of sugar-sweetened beverage intake.

Publication types

  • Comment

MeSH terms

  • Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Fructose / adverse effects*
  • Gout / etiology
  • Humans
  • Hyperuricemia / etiology*
  • Kidney Diseases / etiology*
  • Sweetening Agents / adverse effects*


  • Sweetening Agents
  • Fructose