The evaluation and diagnosis of turf toe injuries is improving as it becomes a more recognized pattern of injury to the hallux metatarsophalangeal joint. With an understanding of the anatomy of the injury and the ability to focus on important diagnostic and radiographic clues, turf toe can be diagnosed, assessed, and treated accurately, with surgical repair when indicated. Regardless of the grade of injury, rehabilitation of the athlete under the guidance of a physical therapist or athletic trainer is critical to complete recovery. With appropriate care, athletes can successfully return to play and efficiently reach their preinjury level of participation.
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