A new morphological variant of uterine PEComas with sex-cord-like pattern and WT1 expression: more doubts about the existence of uterine PEComas

Ann Diagn Pathol. 2010 Apr;14(2):129-32. doi: 10.1016/j.anndiagpath.2009.06.004. Epub 2009 Aug 14.


PEComas are rare neoplasms that are sometimes associated with the tuberous sclerosis complex. They typically contain perivascular epithelioid cells that coexpress muscle and melanocytic markers. However, apart from these classical features, considerable clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical variation has been reported. WT1, the Wilms tumor gene product, can be expressed in various tumors from different anatomical sites, including sex-cord and other ovarian tumors with a sertoliform pattern. Neither a sex-cord-like pattern nor WT1 expression has been described in PEComas. Here, we describe a case of uterine PEComa with a pattern of infiltration into the myometrium that is similar to stromal sarcomas, characterized by tongues and endovascular growing. The architecture and cellular morphology were similar to sex-cord tumors, and the PEComa was diffusely and strongly positive for WT1. We reviewed, from our files, an additional 9 cases of PEComa from different sites, and found WT1 expression in one more soft tissue tumor. We discuss the relationship between PEComas and other uterine sarcomas.

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Uterine Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Uterine Neoplasms / pathology*
  • WT1 Proteins / biosynthesis*


  • WT1 Proteins