Cancer screening in the United States, 2010: a review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and issues in cancer screening

CA Cancer J Clin. Mar-Apr 2010;60(2):99-119. doi: 10.3322/caac.20063.


Each year the American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes a summary of its recommendations for early cancer detection, a report on data and trends in cancer screening rates, and select issues related to cancer screening. In 2010, the ACS updated its guidelines for testing for early prostate cancer detection, and during 2009 there were several newsworthy updates in the cancer screening guidelines from other organizations. In this article, the current ACS guidelines and recent issues are summarized, updates of guidelines for testing for early breast cancer detection by the US Preventive Services Task Force and for prevention and early detection of cervical cancer from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists are addressed, and the most recent data from the National Health Interview Survey pertaining to participation rates in cancer screening are described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / diagnosis
  • Age Factors
  • American Cancer Society*
  • Colonoscopy
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • Early Detection of Cancer / standards
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mammography
  • Mass Screening / standards*
  • Mass Screening / trends
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Occult Blood
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics
  • Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification
  • Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis
  • Physical Examination / methods
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood
  • Rectum
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vaginal Smears


  • DNA, Viral
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen