Bartonellosis: an emerging infectious disease of zoonotic importance to animals and human beings

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2010 Feb;20(1):8-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2009.00496.x.


Objective: To provide a review of clinically relevant observations related to Bartonella species as emerging pathogens in veterinary and human medicine.

Data sources: Literature as cited in PubMed and as generated by each of the authors who have contributed to various aspects of the clinical understanding of bartonellosis.

Human data synthesis: Important historical and recent publications illustrating the evolving role of animal reservoirs as a source of human infection.

Veterinary data synthesis: Comprehensive review of the veterinary literature.

Conclusions: In addition to inducing life-threatening illnesses, such as endocarditis, myocarditis, and meningoencephalitis and contributing to chronic debilitating disease, such as arthritis, osteomyelitis, and granulomatous inflammation in cats, dogs, and potentially other animal species; pets and wildlife species can serve as persistently infected reservoir hosts for the transmission of Bartonella spp. infection to veterinary professionals and others with direct animal contact.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic / microbiology
  • Animals, Wild / microbiology
  • Bartonella Infections / epidemiology
  • Bartonella Infections / transmission*
  • Bartonella Infections / veterinary*
  • Cats
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / veterinary*
  • Disease Reservoirs / microbiology
  • Disease Reservoirs / veterinary
  • Dogs
  • Humans
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Diseases / microbiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / veterinary
  • Species Specificity
  • Zoonoses*