The objective of this study was to develop effective strategies for hypothermic preservation of immature porcine testis tissue to maintain structural integrity and cell viability. In Experiment 1, testes from 1-week-old piglets were used to study the effects of tissue sample size (as intact testes or fragments of 100-or 30 mg) and the use of one of 9 different media on hypothermic preservation of the testis tissue for 6 days. The examined media included: Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline (DPBS), Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM), Leibovitz L15 (L15), L15 with fetal bovine serum (FBS, at 10%, 20% or 50%), HypoThermosol solution-FRS (HTS), Ham's F12, and Media 199. On days 0, 3, and 6, testis tissues were digested to compare the cell survival rates. Tissue sections were also semi-quantitatively assessed to determine the efficiency of different preservation strategies. There was no effect of testis sample size (P > 0.05), but cell survival rates of testis cells isolated from preserved testis tissues changed depending on the media and day (P < 0.05). Testis tissue within HTS did not show morphological changes after 6 days. In Experiment 2, two of the top performing media (20% FBS-L15 and HTS) were selected for immunocytochemical detection of gonocytes. Proportions of gonocytes (%) in isolated testis cells, however, did not differ between the two media on days 0, 3, or 6. These results show that testis tissue can be maintained for 3 days at 4 degrees C with high cell survival rate, and tissue morphology can be preserved for at least 6 days in HTS.