Objectives: To investigate the effects of serotonin and melatonin (MLT) on the regulation of malignant growth and the activity of serotonin receptors (5HTR1a/-1b) in prostate cancer (PCa) cell lines.
Materials and methods: In four PCa cell lines (LNCaP, 22RV1, PC3, DU145) and two reference cell lines 5HTR1a and -1b, relative mRNA expression levels were assessed. Different serotonin and MLT receptor agonists and antagonists were used in stimulation and inhibition experiments.
Results: mRNA expression of 5HTR1b was higher than that of 5HTR1a in all PCa cell lines. Serotonin showed a significant growth stimulatory effect in all PCa lines. The 5HTR1a and -1b agonists/antagonists did not significantly affect viability. MLT inhibited viability only in PC3 cells. Similarly, the 5HTR1a antagonist induced apoptotic changes in PC3 cells only at 10(-4)M, while the 5HTR1b antagonist induced necrosis at 10(-4)M in all cell lines. Cell cycle alterations were seen in PC3 and DU145 cells under the influence of the 5HTR1a antagonist.
Conclusions: Serotonin receptor antagonists and agonists as well as MLT influence viability and apoptosis of PCa cell lines at supraphysiologic concentrations. In contrast to other reports, our results do not support a regulatory role of serotonin or MLT receptor activation or inhibition in PCa growth.
Copyright (c) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.