Oral delivery of PND-1186 FAK inhibitor decreases tumor growth and spontaneous breast to lung metastasis in pre-clinical models

Cancer Biol Ther. 2010 May 15;9(10):778-90. doi: 10.4161/cbt.9.10.11433.


Tumor metastasis is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase recruited to integrin-mediated matrix attachment sites where FAK activity is implicated in the control of cell survival, migration, and invasion. Although genetic studies support the importance of FAK activity in promoting tumor progression, it remains unclear whether pharmacological FAK inhibition prevents tumor metastasis. Here, we show that the FAK inhibitor PND-1186 blocks FAK Tyr-397 phosphorylation in vivo and exhibits anti-tumor efficacy in orthotopic breast carcinoma mouse tumor models. PND-1186 (100 mg/kg intraperitoneal, i.p.) showed promising pharmacokinetics (PK) and inhibited tumor FAK Tyr-397 phosphorylation for 12 hours. Oral administration of 150 mg/kg PND-1186 gave a more sustained PK profile verses i.p., and when given twice daily, PND-1186 significantly inhibited sygeneic murine 4T1 orthotopic breast carcinoma tumor growth and spontaneous metastasis to lungs. Moreover, low-level 0.5 mg/ml PND-1186 ad libitum administration in drinking water prevented oncogenic KRAS- and BRAF-stimulated MDA-MB-231 breast carcinoma tumor growth and metastasis with inhibition of tumoral FAK and p130Cas phosphorylation. Although PND-1186 was not cytotoxic to cells in adherent culture, tumors from animals receiving PND-1186 exhibited increased TUNEL staining, decreased leukocyte infiltrate and reduced tumor-associated splenomegaly. In vitro, PND-1186 reduced tumor necrosis factor-a triggered interleukin-6 cytokine expression, indicating that FAK inhibition may impact tumor progression via effects on both tumor and stromal cells. As oral administration of PND-1186 also decreased experimental tumor metastasis, PND-1186 may therefore be useful clinically to curb breast tumor progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Aminopyridines / pharmacology*
  • Aminopyridines / therapeutic use
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Apoptosis / drug effects
  • Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Proliferation / drug effects
  • Crk-Associated Substrate Protein / metabolism
  • Female
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • Lung Neoplasms / secondary*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • Mice, SCID
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Tyrosine / metabolism
  • Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


  • Aminopyridines
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Crk-Associated Substrate Protein
  • PND 1186
  • Tyrosine
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases