Aim: The protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt is known to stimulate the cellular uptake of glucose and amino acids. The kinase is expressed in proximal renal tubules. The present study explored the influence of Akt/PKB on renal tubular phosphate transport.
Methods: The renal phosphate transporter NaPi-IIa was expressed in Xenopus oocytes with or without PKB/Akt and Na(+) phosphate cotransport determined using dual electrode voltage clamp. Renal phosphate excretion was determined in Akt2/PKBbeta knockout mice (akt2(-/-)) and corresponding wild-type mice (akt2(+/+)). Transporter protein abundance was determined using Western blotting and phosphate transport by (32)P uptake into brush border membrane vesicles.
Results: The phosphate-induced current in NaPi-IIa-expressing Xenopus oocytes was significantly increased by the coexpression of Akt/PKB. Phosphate excretion [micromol per 24 h per g BW] was higher by 91% in akt2(-/-) than in akt2(+/+) mice. The phosphaturia of akt2(-/-) mice occurred despite normal transport activity and expression of the renal phosphate transporters NaPi-IIa, NaPi-IIc and Pit2 in the brush border membrane, a significantly decreased plasma PTH concentration (by 46%) and a significantly enhanced plasma 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) concentration (by 46%). Moreover, fractional renal Ca(2+) excretion was significantly enhanced (by 53%) and bone density significantly reduced (by 11%) in akt2(-/-) mice.
Conclusions: Akt2/PKBbeta plays a role in the acute regulation of renal phosphate transport and thus contributes to the maintenance of phosphate balance and adequate mineralization of bone.