Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's concussion initiative for high school coaches: "Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports"

J Sch Health. 2010 Mar;80(3):112-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00491.x.


Background: To reduce the number of sports-related concussions, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with the support of partners and experts in the field, has developed a tool kit for high school coaches with practical, easy-to-use concussion-related information. This study explores the success of the tool kit in changing knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to the prevention and management of concussions.

Methods: A mail questionnaire was administered to all eligible high school coaches who received the tool kit. Follow-up focus groups were conducted for additional information. Both quantitative data from the surveys and qualitative data from the focus groups were analyzed to support the objectives of the study.

Results: Respondents self-reported favorable changes in knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward the prevention and management of concussions. Qualitative responses augmented the quantitative data.

Conclusion: Barriers to concussion prevention and management are complex; however, these results highlight the role that coaches can play in school settings in establishing a safe environment for their athletes.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control
  • Awareness*
  • Brain Concussion / prevention & control*
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S.*
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Program Development
  • Schools*
  • Sports
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Teaching / methods
  • United States