Purpose of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis comparing the results of open and arthroscopic Bankart repair using suture anchors in recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability. Using Medline Pubmed, Cochrane and Embase databases we performed a search of all published articles. We included only studies that compared open and arthroscopic repair using suture anchors. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square test. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. The total number of patients was 501, 234 suture anchors and 267 open. The rate of recurrent instability in the arthroscopic group was 6% versus 6.7% in the open group; rate of reoperation was 4.7% in the arthroscopic group vs. 6.6% in open (difference not statistically significant). The difference was statistically significant only in the studies after 2002 (2.9% of recurrence in the arthroscopic group vs. 9.2% in open; 2.2% of reoperation in the arthroscopic group vs. 9.2% in open). Results regarding function couldn't be combined because of non-homogeneous scores reported in the original articles, but the arthroscopic treatment led to better functional results. Arthroscopic repair using suture anchors results in similar redislocation and reoperation rate compared to open Bankart repair; however, we need larger and more homogeneous prospective studies to confirm these findings.