Stereoselective transport of baclofen across the blood-brain barrier in rats as determined by the unit impulse response methodology

Pharm Res. 1991 Feb;8(2):259-62. doi: 10.1023/a:1015812725011.


The blood-brain barrier transport characteristics of racemic baclofen and the separate R- and S-enantiomers have been determined in vivo in rats by using the unit impulse response methodology. Transport rate was determined as blood-brain barrier clearance, the volume of plasma per unit time cleared of baclofen by transport across the blood-brain barrier. Plasma elimination kinetics and CSF elimination kinetics did not differ among racemic baclofen and the R- and S-enantiomers. Transport of each compound could be described by a linear V(t) curve, suggesting the absence of saturable transport processes in the concentration range studied. However, for R-baclofen the blood-brain barrier clearance (4.7 +/- 1.0 microliters/min, mean +/- SE; n = 6) and cumulative transported amount (0.085 +/- 0.007%; n = 6) were significantly higher than these values for the S-enantiomer (1.1 +/- 0.3 microliters/min, 0.031 +/- 0.005%; n = 6) and racemic baclofen (1.0 +/- 0.1 microliters/min, 0.036 +/- 0.003%; n = 6). These findings indicate that there is stereoselective transport of baclofen across the blood-brain barrier.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Baclofen / pharmacokinetics*
  • Biological Transport
  • Blood-Brain Barrier*
  • Metabolic Clearance Rate
  • Rats
  • Stereoisomerism


  • Baclofen