Cranial CT artifacts and gantry angulation

J Comput Assist Tomogr. May-Jun 1991;15(3):381-6. doi: 10.1097/00004728-199105000-00007.


Computed tomographic investigation of the brain is frequently accomplished by scanning parallel to the canthomeatal line. In these scans, evaluation of the brain stem and neighboring structures is often compromised by streak artifacts from bone-induced beam hardening. These artifacts may be reduced by introducing a change in gantry angulation. Results from a phantom study as well as from a clinical trial offer evidence that may be helpful in assessing different scanning planes. An inclination of 5 degrees below Reid baseline is suggested to minimize the interpetrous artifact. Variations in slice thickness and exposure parameters do not appear to affect significantly this typical posterior fossa artifact.

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Brain Stem / diagnostic imaging
  • Cranial Fossa, Posterior / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Medulla Oblongata / diagnostic imaging
  • Models, Structural*
  • Pons / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*