Lung parenchyma: projection reconstruction MR imaging

Radiology. 1991 Jun;179(3):777-81. doi: 10.1148/radiology.179.3.2027991.


Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of lung parenchyma is limited by the low proton density and short T2 in the lung as well as the effects of susceptibility and motion. The MR imaging appearance of lung parenchyma was investigated with a pulse sequence that offers some solutions to these problems. This sequence employs projection reconstruction (PR) acquisition gradients and a section-selective excitation pulse designed to eliminate the need to refocus and to allow low-frequency k-space data to be collected with minimal delay. Echo times as short as 50 microseconds can be achieved, producing a proton-density-weighted image. An excised inflated lung specimen and specimens from human subjects with normal lungs (n = 3), pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (n = 1), bronchogenic carcinoma (n = 1), and bullous lung disease with lung metastases (n = 1) were examined. Signal intensity from lung parenchyma and visibility of pulmonary structures were superior on images obtained with the PR MR imaging technique compared with spin-echo images.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Lung / anatomy & histology*
  • Lung / pathology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*