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, 25 (9), 2889-98

Renal Denervation Reduces Glomerular Injury by Suppressing NAD(P)H Oxidase Activity in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rats

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Renal Denervation Reduces Glomerular Injury by Suppressing NAD(P)H Oxidase Activity in Dahl Salt-Sensitive Rats

Hajime Nagasu et al. Nephrol Dial Transplant.

Abstract

Background: Renal sympathetic nerve activity has important effects on renal function in chronic kidney disease. Recent studies indicated that beta agonists directly stimulate NAD(P)H oxidase in endothelial cells. Therefore, we investigated whether renal denervation protects renal function through an anti-oxidative effect.

Methods: The right kidney was removed from Dahl salt-sensitive hypertensive rats. Two weeks later, the rats underwent either left renal denervation (Nx-RDNx; n = 10) or a sham operation (Nx-Sham; n = 10). After a further 6 weeks, kidney function and renal tissue were assessed. In this ex vivo study, using isolated glomeruli from Sprague-Dawley rats, the direct effects of catecholamine on NAD(P)H oxidase activity were assessed.

Results: After the Nx-RDNx or Nx-Sham surgery, urinary albumin excretion and the histologic glomerular sclerosis index were lower in the Nx-RDNx group than in the Nx-Sham group. Fluorescence staining for reactive oxygen species in isolated glomeruli was significantly weaker in the Nx-RDNx group. A lucigenin assay of NAD(P)H oxidase activity in isolated glomeruli indicated that renal denervation may have caused the reduction in reactive oxygen species through suppression of the activity of NAD(P)H oxidase. The levels of mRNA for NAD(P)H oxidase components and the levels of rac1 were higher in glomeruli from the Nx-Sham group than from the Nx-RDNx group. In this ex vivo study, although the NAD(P)H oxidase activity did not change with administration of either the alpha- or beta2-agonist, it increased with the beta1-agonist.

Conclusions: Renal sympathetic denervation helps to protect against glomerular sclerosis, possibly by suppressing NAD(P)H oxidase activity, thereby decreasing glomerular reactive oxygen species.

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