Background and objective: The role of hemostatic factor levels in cerebral infarction remains uncertain. We studied the association of levels of several under-studied hemostatic factors with ischemic stroke in a population-based cohort.
Methods: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study includes 15,792 individuals aged 45-54 years at intake. Hemostatic factors II, V, IX, X, XI, XII, plasminogen and alpha(2)-antiplasmin were measured on frozen citrate plasma samples from 1990 to 1992. A case-cohort design was used, including all incident ischemic strokes (n = 89) over a median of 7.5 years and a stratified cohort random sample (n = 412). To determine the association of hemostatic factors with incident ischemic stroke, we computed hazard ratios (HRs) using multivariate proportional hazard regression analyses adjusted for demographic and other cardiovascular risk factors.
Results: The cohort random sample had a mean age (SD) of 56.9 (5.4) years and 42% were men. The age-, sex- and race-adjusted HRs for highest versus lowest quartiles were: factor XI (2.74, 95% CI 1.42-5.29), factor IX (1.92, 95% CI 0.99-3.73), and alpha(2)-antiplasmin (2.24, 95% CI 1.16-4.33). Correspondingly, the HRs of ischemic stroke per SD increment of factors XI, IX, and alpha(2)-antiplasmin were 1.64, 1.46 and 1.52, respectively (all p < 0.05). After multivariate adjustment including other clinical variables, the standardized HR remained significant for factor XI (1.50, 95% CI 1.10-2.05), but no other factor.
Conclusion: A greater level of factor XI was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Higher factor XI levels might help identify patients at elevated ischemic stroke risk.
Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.