Effects of a smoker's hotline: results of a 10-county self-help trial

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1991 Apr;59(2):325-32. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.59.2.325.


The effect of a smokers' hotline as an adjunct to self-help manuals was examined. Subjects were 1,813 smokers recruited from a 10-county rural and small urban area. Counties were matched on demographic characteristics and assigned to a manual only or manual plus hotline condition. Subjects were followed over an 18-month period. Hotline services included taped messages and access to paraprofessional counselors. Results show a consistent, significant hotline effect across outcome measures and follow-up periods. This effect emerged either as a main effect for the hotline or as an interaction with enrollment method such that a significant hotline effect emerged for subjects who enrolled through face-to-face methods. These findings indicate the effectiveness of the hotline in enhancing self-help quit rates.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Crisis Intervention*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hotlines*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Self Care / psychology*
  • Smoking / psychology
  • Smoking Prevention*