Update information on drug metabolism systems--2009, part II: summary of information on the effects of diseases and environmental factors on human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and transporters

Curr Drug Metab. 2010 Jan;11(1):4-84. doi: 10.2174/138920010791110917.


The present paper is an update of the data on the effects of diseases and environmental factors on the expression and/or activity of human cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes and transporters. The data are presented in tabular form (Tables 1 and 2) and are a continuation of previously published summaries on the effects of drugs and other chemicals on CYP enzymes (Rendic, S.; Di Carlo, F. Drug Metab. Rev., 1997, 29(1-2), 413-580., Rendic, S. Drug Metab. Rev., 2002, 34(1-2), 83-448.). The collected information presented here is as stated by the cited author(s), and in cases when several references are cited the latest published information is included. Inconsistent results and conclusions obtained by different authors are highlighted, followed by discussion of the major findings. The searchable database is available as an Excel file, for information about file availability contact the corresponding author.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biotransformation
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / genetics
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Disease*
  • Drug Design
  • Environment*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Isoenzymes
  • Male
  • Metabolomics
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism*
  • Pharmacokinetics*
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Systems Biology
  • Systems Integration


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Isoenzymes
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System