Functional dyspepsia impacts absenteeism and direct and indirect costs

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 Jun;8(6):498-503. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2010.03.003. Epub 2010 Mar 19.


Background & aims: Functional dyspepsia (FD) is a common morbid condition but data are limited on the direct and indirect costs for employees with FD or on its impact on productivity. Few data on absenteeism and no objective information are available. This study aimed to assess the impact of FD on costs and effects on absenteeism and work output (productivity).

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of payroll data and adjudicated health insurance medical and prescription claims collected over a 4-year study period (January 1, 2001 to December 31, 2004) from more than 300,000 employees. Data from employees with and without (controls) FD were compared using 2-part regression techniques. Outcome measures included medical (total and by place of service) and prescription costs, absenteeism, and objectively measured productivity output.

Results: Employees with FD (N = 1669) had greater average annual medical and prescription drug costs and indirect costs (owing to sick leave and short- and long-term disability absences) than controls (N = 274,206). Compared with controls, the FD employees incurred costs that were $5138 greater and had greater costs for each place of service (all P < .0001). The employees with FD had an additional 0.83 absence days per year and produced 12% fewer units per hour than controls (both P < .05).

Conclusions: Employees with FD have greater costs at all places of service and lower productivity than employees without FD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism*
  • Adult
  • Cost of Illness*
  • Dyspepsia / economics*
  • Efficiency
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sick Leave / economics