Forcible, drug-facilitated, and incapacitated rape and sexual assault among undergraduate women

J Am Coll Health. 2010 Mar-Apr;58(5):453-60. doi: 10.1080/07448480903540515.


Objective: To examine the prevalence of drug-related sexual assaults, identify the frequency of assaults that occur following voluntary versus involuntary drug or alcohol consumption, and identify contextual correlates of drug-related assaults.

Participants: College-student females (n = 314).

Methods: Volunteers reported experiences with forcible and drug-related sexual assaults in the spring semester of 2004. Follow-up queries regarding the most severe drug-related assaults determined whether the assaults followed voluntary or involuntary alcohol or drug consumption.

Results: 29.6% (n = 93) of the respondents reported a drug-related sexual assault or rape; 5.4% (n = 17) reported a forcible sexual assault or rape. Voluntary incapacitation preceded 84.6% of drug-related assaults and involuntary incapacitation preceded 15.4% of drug-related assaults. The majority of drug-related assaults (96.1%) involved alcohol consumption prior to assault.

Conclusions: Drug-related sexual assaults on college campuses are more frequent than are forcible assaults and are most frequently preceded by voluntary alcohol consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*
  • Crime Victims / psychology
  • Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Rape / statistics & numerical data*
  • Risk Factors
  • South Carolina / epidemiology
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Young Adult