The triple reuptake inhibitor DOV216,303 exhibits limited antidepressant-like properties in the differential reinforcement of low-rate 72-second responding assay, likely due to dopamine reuptake inhibition

J Psychopharmacol. 2011 Oct;25(10):1357-64. doi: 10.1177/0269881110364272. Epub 2010 Mar 19.


There is a need for antidepressants with novel mechanisms of action. One approach has been to develop compounds that inhibit reuptake of all three monoamines in the central nervous system, for example DOV216,303. Differential reinforcement of low-rate (72-s) responding is a behavioral test that is predictive of antidepressant-like properties. The effects of antidepressant compounds belonging to multiple classes, the anxiolytic diazepam and the antipsychotic haloperidol, were assessed in the DRL-72s task. Subsequently, the antidepressant-like properties of acute DOV216,303 were assessed. The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine, the preferential norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desipramine and the tricyclic antidepressant imipramine exhibited antidepressant-like properties in the DRL-72s task. The atypical antidepressant bupropion, which inhibits dopamine and norepinephrine reuptake, and the selective dopamine transporter inhibitor GBR12909, changed reinforcement and response rates and inter-response time distribution in an opposite direction compared with the antidepressant compounds tested. The antipsychotic haloperidol exhibited antidepressant-like properties by increasing reinforcement rate, but failed to alter inter-response time distribution. Diazepam did not change reinforcement or response rates or inter-response time distribution. The triple reuptake inhibitor DOV216,303 significantly enhanced reinforcement rate at one intermediate dose, but exhibited similar effects as bupropion and GBR12909 on inter-response time distribution. The studies identified limited antidepressant-like properties of the triple reuptake inhibitor DOV216,303, likely due to dopamine transporter inhibition counteracting the effects of norepinephrine and serotonin transporter inhibition.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antidepressive Agents / pharmacology*
  • Aza Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic / pharmacology*
  • Bupropion / pharmacology
  • Desipramine / pharmacology
  • Diazepam / pharmacology
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Fluvoxamine / pharmacology
  • Haloperidol / pharmacology
  • Imipramine / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Piperazines / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Reinforcement, Psychology*


  • 1-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-3-azabicyclo-(3.1.0)hexane hydrochloride
  • Antidepressive Agents
  • Aza Compounds
  • Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
  • Piperazines
  • Bupropion
  • vanoxerine
  • Haloperidol
  • Fluvoxamine
  • Imipramine
  • Diazepam
  • Desipramine