Role of myeloid cells in vascular endothelial growth factor-independent tumor angiogenesis

Curr Opin Hematol. 2010 May;17(3):219-24. doi: 10.1097/MOH.0b013e3283386660.


Purpose of review: Targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway has had a significant impact in the therapy of cancer and intraocular neovascular disorders. Similar to other therapies, inherent/acquired resistance to anti-VEGF drugs may occur in cancer patients, leading to disease recurrence. This review describes recent findings on the role of myeloid cells in refractoriness or/and acquired resistance to such therapies.

Recent findings: Various myeloid cell types, including tumor-associated macrophages, Tie2-expressing monocytes and neutrophils, have been implicated in tumor angiogenesis. Several cytokines involved in the mobilization and/or proangiogenic effects of these cells represent therapeutic targets. CD11b+Gr1+ myeloid cells have been shown to render tumors refractory to angiogenic blockade by VEGF antibodies. This effect was mediated by the secreted protein Bv8, which is upregulated by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor.

Summary: Progress in unraveling proangiogenic mechanisms dependent on various myeloid cell types has expanded our understanding of tumor angiogenesis and has generated a number of potential therapeutic targets.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Myeloid Cells / physiology*
  • Neoplasms / blood supply*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors / metabolism


  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors