The largest Last Supper: depictions of food portions and plate size increased over the millennium

Int J Obes (Lond). 2010 May;34(5):943-4. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2010.37. Epub 2010 Mar 23.


Portion sizes of foods have been noticably increasing in recent years, but when did this trend begin? If art imitates life and if food portions have been generally increasing with time, we might expect this trend to be reflected in paintings that depict food. Perhaps the most commonly painted meal has been that of Jesus Christ's Last Supper, chronicled in the New Testament of the Bible. A CAD-CAM analysis of the relative food-to-head ratio in 52 representative paintings of the Last Supper showed that the relative sizes of the main dish (entree) (r=0.52, P=0.002), bread (r=0.30, P=0.04), and plates (r=0.46, P=0.02) have linearly increased over the past millennium.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Cooking and Eating Utensils / history
  • Diet Surveys
  • Eating*
  • Food / history*
  • History, Ancient
  • Humans
  • Paintings / history*
  • Religion